predestination


predestination
   Predestination is God's determining (either timelessly or in ages past) to send some people to Heaven (election) and (in double predestination) some people to Hell (reprobation). The principal philosophical question concerning predestination is whether it is compatible with human freedom. Compatibilists claim that it is so compatible; incompatibilists deny this. The question acquires added seriousness from the thought that human moral responsibility goes hand in hand with freedom: can one be justly punished in Hell if one is predestined to go there? Can God justly receive all the praise for one's salvation if one accepts it without being predestined to do so? Another question is that of the basis for God's predestination: is it conditional on a free human response, as Arminianism claims, or does it depend on nothing other than God's good pleasure, as Calvinism maintains?
   Further reading: Basinger and Basinger 1986; Garrigou-Lagrange 1939; Helm 1993; Pinnock 1975 and 1989; Pinnock, Rice, Sanders, Hasker and Basinger 1994

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

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  • predestination — Predestination …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Predestination — Predestination, in theology is the doctrine that all events have been willed by God. John Calvin interpreted biblical predestination to mean that God willed eternal damnation for some people and salvation for others.[1] Explanations of… …   Wikipedia

  • Predestination — • Those divine decrees which have reference to the supernatural end of rational beings, especially of man Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Predestination     Predestination …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • PRÉDESTINATION — La prédestination est la doctrine biblique et théologique selon laquelle Dieu choisit d’aimer l’homme, de l’appeler avant son savoir, de le sauver avant ses mérites, de le maintenir dans la fidélité de cet appel et de ce salut avant le terme de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Predestination — Prédestination La prédestination est un concept théologique selon lequel Dieu, aurait choisi de toute éternité, et secrètement, ceux qui seront graciés et auront droit à la vie éternelle. L idée de prédestination est étroitement associée aux… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • predestination —    Predestination is the belief that God has chosen or elected some for the gift of salvation, sometimes extended to include the idea that God chooses the rest of humankind for damnation. The most relevant biblical quote on the subject is Romans… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • predestination — Predestination. s. f. Decret de Dieu par lequel il predestine à la gloire éternelle. Les meschants taschent de s excuser sur la predestination. c est une marque de predestination que &c. Il se prend aussi pour le decret de la Providence sur… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Predestination — Pre*des ti*na tion, n. [L. praedestinatio: cf. F. pr[ e]destination.] 1. The act of predestinating. [1913 Webster] Predestination had overruled their will. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. (Theol.) The purpose of Good from eternity respecting all… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • predestination — index predetermination Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • predestination — (n.) mid 14c., the action of God in foreordaining certain of mankind through grace to salvation or eternal life, from L.L. praedestinationem (nom. praedestinatio) a determining beforehand, from pp. stem of praedestinare appoint or determine… …   Etymology dictionary